The lists below are non-exhaustive. Please contact us if you have conducted VDA-type research and would like to share a link to your paper through this website.

Methodology & Guidelines

del Río Carral, Maria, Lucia Volpato, Chloé Michoud, Thanh-Trung Phan & Daniel Gatica-Pérez (2021). “Professional YouTubers’ Health Videos as Research Material: Formulating a Multi-Method Design in Health Psychology.” Methods in Psychology (in-press pre-proof).

Derry, Sharon J. et al. (2010). “Conducting Video Research in the Learning Sciences: Guidance on Selection, Analysis, Technology, and Ethics.” Journal of the Learning Sciences 19(1):3–53.

Dietrich, Bryce J. & Jielu Yao (2020). “How Audio, Image, and Video Data is Being Used to Study Legislative Behavior.” The Legislative Scholar 4(1):10-12.

Golann, Joanne W., Zitsi Mirakhur & Thomas J. Espenshade (2019). “Collecting Ethnographic Video Data for Policy ResearchAmerican Behavioral Scientist 63(3), 387-403.

Lindegaard, Marie Rosenkranz & Wim Bernasco (2018). “Lessons Learned from Crime Caught on Camera.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 155-186.

Legewie, Nicolas M. & Anne Nassauer (2018). “YouTube, Google, Facebook: 21st Century Online Video Research and Research Ethics?“. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research. DOI: 10.17169/fqs-19.3.3130

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2019). “Analyzing 21st Century Video Data on Situational Dynamics—Issues and Challenges in Video Data Analysis.” Social Sciences 8(3).

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2020). „Methodologische Entwicklungen in der Gewaltforschung: Videodatenanalyse, Mixed Methods und Big Data“. In Braun, Andreas and Thomas Kron: “Bestandsaufnahme soziologischer Gewaltforschung,” Special Issue, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie. DOI: 10.1007/s11614-020-00412-1

Legewie, Nicolas M. & Anne Nassauer (2020). “Livestreams as Video Data? The 2019 Christchurch Attack Livestream as a Case Study in Research Ethics.” In Legal and Ethical Issues of Live Streaming, edited by Shing-Ling S. Chen, Zhoujun J. Chen, and Nicole Allaire. Rowman & Littlefield.

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2021). “Video Data Analysis: A Methodological Frame for a Novel Research Trend.” Sociological Methods and Research 50(1). (Published online first May, 2018.)

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (forthcoming). “Video Data Analysis: How to use 21st-Century Videos in the Social Sciences.” London: SAGE Publications.

Empirical research using VDA or related approaches

Anisin, Alexei & Pelin Ayan Musil (2021). “Protester-police fraternization in the 2013 Gezi Park uprisings.” Social Movement Studies (online first).

Anthony, Lisa, YooJin Kim &Leah Findlater (2013). “Analyzing User-Generated YouTube Videos to Understand Touchscreen Use by People with Motor Impairments.” Conference paper CHI 2013: Changing Perspectives, Paris, France.

Barker, Kristin Kay (2019). “Lay Pharmacovigilance and the Dramatization of Risk: Fluoroquinolone Harm on YouTube.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 60(4), 509-524.

Bramsen, Isabel (2018). “How Violence Happens (or not): Situational Conditions of Violence and Nonviolence in Bahrain, Tunisia and Syria, Psychology of Violence.” Psychology of Violence 8(3), 305-315.

Bramsen, Isabel (2021). “Agonistic interaction in practice: laughing, dissensus and hegemony in the Northern Ireland Assembly.” Third World Quarterly (online first). doi: 10.1080/01436597.2021.1976631

Brierley, Sarah, Eric Kramon & George Kwaku Ofosu (2020). “The Moderating Effect of Debates on Political Attitudes.” American Journal of Political Science 64(1), 19-37.

Chang, Han Il & Leonid Peisakhin (2019). “Building Cooperation among Groups in Conflict: An Experiment on Intersectarian Cooperation in Lebanon.” American Journal of Political Science 63(1), 146-162.

Collins, Randall (2008). “Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory.” Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Collins, Randall (2009). “The Micro-sociology of Violence.” The British Journal of Sociology 60(3):566-76.

Ejbye-Ernst, Peter, Marie Lindegaard & Wim Bernasco (2020). “A CCTV-based analysis of target selection by guardians intervening in interpersonal conflicts.” European Journal of Criminology (online first).

Ejbye-Ernst, Peter, Marie Lindegaard & Wim Bernasco (2020). “Third Parties Mirror the Aggression of the Antagonists: A Video-Based Analysis of Third-Party Aggression in Interpersonal Conflicts.Journal of Interpersonal Violence (online first).

Estévez, David, María-José Terrón-López, Paloma J. Velasco-Quintana, Rosa-María Rodríguez-Jiménez & Valle Álvarez-Manzano (2021). “A Case Study of a Robot-Assisted Speech Therapy for Children with Language Disorders.Sustainability 13(5).

Fele, Giolo (2008). “The Collaborative Production of Responses and Dispatching on the Radio: Video Analysis in a Medical Emergency Call Center.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research 9(3).

Friis, Camilla Bank, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Richard Philpot & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2020). “Ticket inspectors in action: Body-worn camera analysis of aggressive and nonaggressive passenger encounters.” Psychology of Violence 10(5), 483-492.

Friis, Camilla Bank & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2021). “Citizen Self-Presentation and Aggression in Ticket Fining Events: A Video Observational Study.” Deviant Behavior (online first). doi: 10.1080/01639625.2021.1921559.

Faria, Jolyon J., Stefan Krause & Jens Krause (2010). “Collective behavior in road crossing pedestrians: the role of social information.Behavioral Ecology 21(6).

Hampton, Keith N., Lauren S. Goulet & Garrett Albanesius (2014). “Change in the social life of urban public spaces: The rise of mobile phones and women, and the decline of aloneness over 30 years.Urban Studies 52(8).

Hoeben, Evelien M., Wim Bernasco, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Carlijn van Baak & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2021). “Social distancing compliance: A video observational analysis.PLOS One 16(3).

Johnson, Kaprea F., Allison Worth & Dana Brookover (2019). “Families Facing the Opioid Crisis: Content and Frame Analysis of YouTube Videos.” The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families (online first).

Klusemann, Stefan (2009). “Atrocities and Confrontational Tension.” Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 3(42):1-10.

Krause, Jens, Paweł Romanczuk, Emiel Cracco, William Alridge, Anne Nassauer & Marcel Brass (2021). “Collective rule-breaking.” Trends in Cognitive Neuroscience 25(12): 1082-1095.

Konecki, Krzysztof T. (2008). “Touching and Gesture Exchange as an Element of Emotional Bond Construction. Application of Visual Sociology in the Research on Interaction between Humans and Animals.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research 9(3).

Lee, Chwee Being, Jose Hanham, Kamille Kannangara & Jing Qi (2021). “Exploring user experience of digital pen and tablet technology for learning chemistry: applying an activity theory lens.” Heliyon 7(1): e06020.

Levine, Mark, Paul J. Taylor, and Rachel Best (2011). “Third Parties, Violence, and Conflict Resolution: The Role of Group Size and Collective Action in the Microregulation of Violence.” Psychological Science 22(3):406-12.

Liebst, Lasse Suonperä, Marie Bruvik Heinskou & Peter Ejbye-Ernst (2018). “On the Actual Risk of Bystander Intervention – A Statistical Study Based on Naturally Occurring Violent Emergencies.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 27-50. 

Liebst, Lasse, Richard Philpot, Wim Bernasco, Kasper Dausel, Peter Ejbye‐Ernst, Mathias Nicolaisen & Marie Lindegaard (2019). “Social Relations and Presence of Others Predict Bystander Intervention: Evidence from Violent Incidents Captured on CCTV.” Aggressive Behavior 45(6):598–609.

Madueke, Kingsley L. (2021). “Towards a Sequence of Ethnic Riots: Stages, Processes and Interactions in the Production of Communal Violence in Jos, Nigeria.” Civil Wars (online first).

Makin, David A., Wendy Koslicki, Rachael Brooks, Bryce J. Dietrich & Rachel Bailey (2019). “Contextual Determinants of Observed Negative Emotional States in Police-Community Interactions.Criminal Justice and Behavior 46(2):301-318

Moeller, Kim (2018). “Video-recorded Retail Cannabis Trades in a Low-risk Marketplace Trade Value and Temporal Patterns.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 103-124.

Mosselman, Floris, Don Weenink, and Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2018). “Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies: A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage”Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 3–26.

Nassauer, Anne (2019). Situational Breakdowns – Understanding Protest Violence and Other Surprising Outcomes. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.

Nassauer, Anne (2018). “Situational Dynamics and the Emergence of Violence During Protests.” Psychology of Violence 8(3).

Nassauer, Anne (2018). “How Robberies Succeed or Fail: Analyzing Crime Caught on CCTV.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 125-154.

Nassauer, Anne (2016). “From Peaceful Marches to Violent Clashes: A Micro-Situational Analysis.” Social Movement Studies (online first).

Nassauer, Anne (2021). ““Whose streets? Our streets!”: Negotiations of Space and Violence in Protests.” Social Problems 68(4): 852–869

Pallotti, Francesca, Sharon Marie Weldon & Alessandro Lomi (2020). “Lost in translation: Collecting and coding data on social relations from audio-visual recordings.Social Networks (online first).

Pehkonen, Samu (2020). “Response Cries Inviting an Alignment: Finnish huh huh.Research on Language and Social Interaction 53(1).

Philpot, Richard, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Mark Levine, Wim Bernasco & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2019). “Would I Be Helped? Cross-National CCTV Footage Shows That Intervention Is the Norm in Public Conflicts.American Psychologist 75(1).

Philpot, Richard & Mark Levine (2021). “Evacuation Behavior in a Subway Train Emergency: A Video-based Analysis” Environment & Behavior, online first.

Stickle, Ben, Melody Hicks, Amy Stickle & Zachary Hutchinson (2019). “Porch pirates: examining unattended package theft through crime script analysis.A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society (online first).

Sytsma, Victoria A.  &  Eric L. Piza (2018). “Script Analysis of Open-air Drug Selling: A Systematic Social Observation of CCTV Footage.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 55(1): 78-102.

Sytsma, Victoria A., Vijay F. Chillar & Eric L. Piza (2021). “Scripting police escalation of use of force through conjunctive analysis of body-worn camera footage: A systematic social observational pilot study.” Journal of Criminal Justice 74.

Sytsma, Victoria A., Eric L. Piza & Vijay F. Chillar (2021). “Measuring Procedural Justice Policy Adherence During Use of Force Events: The Body-Worn Camera as a Performance Monitoring Tool.” Criminal Justice Policy Review 32(9).

Timmermans, Stefan & Iddo Tavory (2020). “Racist Encounters: A Pragmatist Semiotic Analysis of Interaction.” Sociological Theory 38(4).

Weenink, Don, Raheel Dhattiwala & David van der Duin (2021). “Circles of Peace. A Video Analysis of Situational Group Formation and Collective Third-Party Intervention in Violent Incidents.The British Journal of Criminology (online first).

Willits, Dale W. & David A. Makin (2018). “Show Me What Happened: Analyzing Use of Force through Analysis of Body-Worn Camera Footage“. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 55(1): 51-77.

Computational image and video analysis in the social sciences

Bernasco, Wim, Evelien Hoeben, Dennis Koelma, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, JosephineThomas, Joska Appelman, Cees G. M. Snoek & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2021). “Promise Into Practice: Application of Computer Vision in Empirical Research on Social Distancing.” OSF Preprints. doi: 10.31219/

Dewan, M. Ali Akbar, Mahbub Murshed & Lin Fuhua (2019). “Engagement detection in online learning: a reviewSmart Learning Environments 6(1).

Dietrich, Bryce J. (2015). “If a Picture is Worth a Thousand Words, What is a Video Worth?” In Exploring the C-SPAN Archives: advancing the research agenda, edited by Robert X. Browning. The Year in C-SPAN Archives Research 2, Article 1.

Dietrich, Bryce J. (2021). “Using Motion Detection to Measure Social Polarization in the U.S. House of Representatives.Political Analysis 29(2):250-259.

Dietrich, Bryce J., Ryan D. Enos & Maya Sen (2019). “Emotional Arousal Predicts Voting on the U.S. Supreme Court.” Political Analysis 27(2):237-243.

Dietrich, Bryce J. & Melissa Sands. “Seeing Racial Avoidance on City Streets.” Unpublished Manuscript.

Dietrich, Bryce J., Ryan D. Enos & Maya Sen. Gender Dynamics in Elite Political Contexts: Evidence from Supreme Court Oral Arguments. Unpublished Manuscript.

Doyran, Metehan, Batikan Türkmen, Eda Aydin Oktay, Sibel Halfon & Albert Ali Salah (2019). “Video and Text-Based Affect Analysis of Children in Play Therapy.” Paper presented at the 2019 International Conference on Multimodal Interaction.

Naik, Nikhil, Scott Duke Kominers, Edward L. Glaser & César A. Hidalgo (2017). “Computer vision uncovers predictors of physical urban change.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114(29).

Seiferling, Ian, Nikhil Naik, Carlo Ratti & Raphäel Proulx (2017). “Green streets − Quantifying and mapping urban trees with street-level imagery and computer vision.” Landscape and Urban Planning 165.

Torres, Michelle & Francisco Cantú (2021). “Learning to See: Convolutional Neural Networks for the Analysis of Social Science DataPolitical Analysis.

Zhang, Han & Jennifer Pan (2019). “CASM: A Deep-Learning Approach for Identifying Collective Action Events with Text and Image Data from Social MediaSociological Methodology 49(1).

Zhang, Han & Yilang Peng (2021). “Image Clustering: An Unsupervised Approach to Categorize Visual Data in Social Science Research“. SocArXiv Papers.

Other methodological approaches for analyzing video data

Conti, Uliano (2016). “Visual Methodologies and Latino Cultural Studies: Implications for the Sociology of Education.” In: Peters M. (Ed) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. Springer.

Heath, Christian, Jon Hindmarsh & Paul Luff (2010). “Video in qualitative research: analysing social interaction in everyday life.” Los Angeles: Sage Publications Ltd.

Kissmann, Ulrike Tikvah (ed.) (2009). “Video Interaction Analysis: Methods and Methodology.” Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang.

LeBaron, Curtis, Paula Jarzabkowski, Michael G. Pratt & Greg Fetzer (2018). “An Introduction to Video Methods in Organizational Research.” Organizational Research Methods 21(2):239–60.

Margolis, Eric & Luc Pauwels (eds.) (2011). “The SAGE Handbook of Visual Research Methods.” Los Angeles: Sage.

Norris, Sigrid (2004). “Analyzing Multimodal Interaction: A Methodological Framework.” New York/London: Routledge.

Pauwels, Luc (2015). “Reframing Visual Social Science: Towards a More Visual Sociology and Anthropology.” Cambridge University Press.

Pink, Sarah (2021). “Doing Visual Ethnography“. 4th edition. SAGE publishing.

Pink, Sarah, Heather Horst, John Postill, Larissa Hjorth, Tania Lewis & Jo Tacchi (2015). “Digital Ethnography: Principles and Practice.” SAGE publishing.

Tuma, René, Bernt Schnettler & Hubert Knoblauch (2013). “Videographie: Einführung in die interpretative Videoanalyse sozialer Situationen.” Springer VS.

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