The lists below are non-exhaustive. Please contact us if you have conducted VDA-type research or written on VDA-related methodology, and would like to share a link to your paper through this website.

Methodology & Guidelines

Bianchi, Federica & Alessandro Lomi (2022). “From Ties to Events in the Analysis of Interorganizational Exchange RelationsOrganizational Research Methods (online first).

Borish, David, Ashlee Cunsolo, Ian Mauro, Cate Dewey, & Sherilee L. Harper (2021). “Moving images, Moving Methods: Advancing Documentary Film for Qualitative Research.” International Journal of Qualitative Research (online first). Supplementary document with guidelines available here.

deCuir-Gunby, Jessica T., Patricia L. Marshall & Allison W. McCulloch (2012). “Using Mixed Methods to Analyze Video Data: A Mathematics Teacher Professional Development Example.Journal of Mixed Methods Research 6(3):199-216.

del Río Carral, Maria, Lucia Volpato, Chloé Michoud, Thanh-Trung Phan & Daniel Gatica-Pérez (2021). “Professional YouTubers’ Health Videos as Research Material: Formulating a Multi-Method Design in Health Psychology.Methods in Psychology (in-press pre-proof).

Derry, Sharon J. et al. (2010). “Conducting Video Research in the Learning Sciences: Guidance on Selection, Analysis, Technology, and Ethics.” Journal of the Learning Sciences 19(1):3–53.

Dietrich, Bryce J. & Jielu Yao (2020). “How Audio, Image, and Video Data is Being Used to Study Legislative Behavior.” The Legislative Scholar 4(1):10-12.

Golann, Joanne W., Zitsi Mirakhur & Thomas J. Espenshade (2019). “Collecting Ethnographic Video Data for Policy ResearchAmerican Behavioral Scientist 63(3), 387-403.

Hannula, Markku S., Eeva Haataja, Erika Löfström, Enrique Garcia Moreno-Esteva, Jessica F. A. Salminen-Saari, & Anu Laine (2022). “Advancing video research methodology to capture the processes of social interaction and multimodality.” ZDM – Mathematics Education.

Lindegaard, Marie Rosenkranz & Wim Bernasco (2018). “Lessons Learned from Crime Caught on Camera.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 55(1): 155-186.

Legewie, Nicolas M. & Anne Nassauer (2018). “YouTube, Google, Facebook: 21st Century Online Video Research and Research Ethics?“. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research 19(3).

Legewie, Nicolas M. & Anne Nassauer (2020). “Livestreams as Video Data? The 2019 Christchurch Attack Livestream as a Case Study in Research Ethics.” In Legal and Ethical Issues of Live Streaming, edited by Shing-Ling S. Chen, Zhoujun J. Chen, and Nicole Allaire. Rowman & Littlefield.

Makin, David A., Dale W. Willits, & Rachael Brooks (2021). “Systematic social event modeling: a methodology for analyzing body-worn camera footage.” International Journal of Social Research Methodology 24(2): 163-176.

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2019). “Analyzing 21st Century Video Data on Situational Dynamics—Issues and Challenges in Video Data Analysis.” Social Sciences 8(3).

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2020). „Methodologische Entwicklungen in der Gewaltforschung: Videodatenanalyse, Mixed Methods und Big Data“. In Braun, Andreas and Thomas Kron: “Bestandsaufnahme soziologischer Gewaltforschung,” Special Issue, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie 45: 135-156.

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2021). “Video Data Analysis: A Methodological Frame for a Novel Research Trend.” Sociological Methods and Research 50(1). (Published online first May, 2018)

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2022). “Video Data Analysis: How to use 21st-Century Videos in the Social Sciences.” London: SAGE Publications.

St. Lawrence, Schuyler, Jason Hallman, & Rini Sherony (2020). “Video from user-generated content as a source of pre-crash scenario naturalistic driving data.Traffic Injury Prevention: S171-S173.

Savage, Michael J. & Vera Woloshyn (2022). “Ethical and Methodological Considerations When Using Social Media Sites as Data Sources: Lessons Learned From a YouTube Case Study.” SAGE Research Methods: Doing Research Online.

Schafer, Joseph, Julie Hibdon, & Michael Kyle (2022). “Studying rare events in policing: the allure and limitations of using body-worn camera video.” Journal of Crime and Justice, online first.

Yoav, Ido (2016). “Click: From interalia to interaction.” Ethnography 17(4): 497-517.

Anisin, Alexei & Pelin Ayan Musil (2021). “Protester-police fraternization in the 2013 Gezi Park uprisings.” Social Movement Studies (online first).

Anthony, Lisa, YooJin Kim &Leah Findlater (2013). “Analyzing User-Generated YouTube Videos to Understand Touchscreen Use by People with Motor Impairments.” Conference paper CHI 2013: Changing Perspectives, Paris, France.

Aram, Dorit (2010). “Writing with young children: a comparison of paternal and maternal guidance.Journal of Research in Reading 33(1): 4-19.

Barker, Kristin Kay (2019). “Lay Pharmacovigilance and the Dramatization of Risk: Fluoroquinolone Harm on YouTube.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 60(4), 509-524.

Bellon-Harn, Monica, Vinaya Manchaiah, & Shriya Shashikanth (2020). “A cross-sectional study of the portrayal of childhood speech and language disorders in YouTube videos.” Digital Health 6.

Bellon-Harn, Monica, Vinaya Manchaiah, & Lekeitha R. Morris (2019). “A cross-sectional descriptive analysis of portrayal of autism spectrum disorders in YouTube videos: A short report.” Autism 24(1): 263-268.

Bigsby, Rosemarie, Wendy Coster, Barry M. Lester & Mark R. Peucker (1996). “Motor behavioral cues of term and preterm infants at 3 months.Infant Behavior and Development 19(3): 295-307.

Bloch, Charlotte, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Poul Poder, Jasmin Maria Christiansen & Marie Bruvik Heinskou (2018). “Caring collectives and other forms of bystander helping behavior in violent situations.Current Sociology 66(7): 1049-1069.

Borish, David, Ashlee Cunsolo, Jamie Snook, Inez Shiwak, Michele Wood, HERD Caribou Project Steering Committee, Ian Mauro, Cate Dewey, & Sherilee L.Harper (2021). ““Caribou was the reason, and everything else happened after”: Effects of caribou declines on Inuit in Labrador, Canada.Global Environmental Change 68.

Böheim, Ricardo, Tim Urdan, Maximilian Knogler, Tina Seidel (2020). “Student hand-raising as an indicator of behavioral engagement and its role in classroom learning.Contemporary Educational Psychology 62.

Bramsen, Isabel (2018). “How Violence Happens (or not): Situational Conditions of Violence and Nonviolence in Bahrain, Tunisia and Syria, Psychology of Violence.” Psychology of Violence 8(3), 305-315.

Bramsen, Isabel (2021). “Agonistic interaction in practice: laughing, dissensus and hegemony in the Northern Ireland Assembly.” Third World Quarterly (online first). doi: 10.1080/01436597.2021.1976631

Brierley, Sarah, Eric Kramon & George Kwaku Ofosu (2020). “The Moderating Effect of Debates on Political Attitudes.” American Journal of Political Science 64(1), 19-37.

Chang, Han Il & Leonid Peisakhin (2019). “Building Cooperation among Groups in Conflict: An Experiment on Intersectarian Cooperation in Lebanon.” American Journal of Political Science 63(1), 146-162.

Collins, Randall (2008). “Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory.” Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Collins, Randall (2009). “The Micro-sociology of Violence.” The British Journal of Sociology 60(3):566-76.

Danish, Joshua A. & Asmalina Saleh (2015). “The impact of classroom context upon 1st and 2nd grade students’ critical criteria for science representations.Instructional Science 43: 665-682.

Doherty-Sneddon, Gwyneth, Fiona Phelps & Julia Clark (2007). “Development of gaze aversion: Qualitative changes over the early school years.Developmental Psychology 25(5): 513-526.

Ejbye-Ernst, Peter, Marie Lindegaard & Wim Bernasco (2020). “A CCTV-based analysis of target selection by guardians intervening in interpersonal conflicts.” European Journal of Criminology (online first).

Ejbye-Ernst, Peter, Marie Lindegaard & Wim Bernasco (2020). “Third Parties Mirror the Aggression of the Antagonists: A Video-Based Analysis of Third-Party Aggression in Interpersonal Conflicts.Journal of Interpersonal Violence (online first).

Estévez, David, María-José Terrón-López, Paloma J. Velasco-Quintana, Rosa-María Rodríguez-Jiménez & Valle Álvarez-Manzano (2021). “A Case Study of a Robot-Assisted Speech Therapy for Children with Language Disorders.Sustainability 13(5).

Fairbairn, Catharine E., Michael A. Sayette, John M. Levine, Jeffrey F. Cohn & Kasey G. Creswell (2013). “The effects of alcohol on the emotional displays of Whites in interracial groups.Emotion 13(3): 468–477.

Fele, Giolo (2008). “The Collaborative Production of Responses and Dispatching on the Radio: Video Analysis in a Medical Emergency Call Center.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research 9(3).

Friis, Camilla Bank, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Richard Philpot & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2020). “Ticket inspectors in action: Body-worn camera analysis of aggressive and nonaggressive passenger encounters.” Psychology of Violence 10(5), 483-492.

Friis, Camilla Bank & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2021). “Citizen Self-Presentation and Aggression in Ticket Fining Events: A Video Observational Study.Deviant Behavior (online first). doi: 10.1080/01639625.2021.1921559.

Faria, Jolyon J., Stefan Krause & Jens Krause (2010). “Collective behavior in road crossing pedestrians: the role of social information.Behavioral Ecology 21(6).

Gentrup, Sarah, Georg Lorenz, Cornelia Kristen & Irena Logan (2020). “Self-fulfilling prophecies in the classroom: Teacher expectations, teacher feedback and student achievement.Learning and Instruction 66.

Hampton, Keith N., Lauren S. Goulet & Garrett Albanesius (2014). “Change in the social life of urban public spaces: The rise of mobile phones and women, and the decline of aloneness over 30 years.Urban Studies 52(8).

Hoeben, Evelien M., Wim Bernasco, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Carlijn van Baak & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2021). “Social distancing compliance: A video observational analysis.PLOS One 16(3).

Hugener, Isabelle, Christine Pauli, Kurt Reusser, Frank Lipowsky, Katrin Rakoczy & Eckhard Klieme (2009). “Teaching patterns and learning quality in Swiss and German mathematics lessons.Learning and Instruction 19(1): 66-78.

Johnson, Kaprea F., Allison Worth & Dana Brookover (2019). “Families Facing the Opioid Crisis: Content and Frame Analysis of YouTube Videos.” The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families (online first).

Klofstad, Casey A. (2015). “Candidate Voice Pitch Influences Election Outcomes.” Political Psychology 37(5): 725-738.

Klusemann, Stefan (2009). “Atrocities and Confrontational Tension.” Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 3(42):1-10.

Koh, Jae O., E. Jane Watkinson & Yong-Jin Yoon (2004). “Video analysis of head blows leading to concussion in competition Taekwondo.” Brain Injury 18(12): 1287-1296 

Konecki, Krzysztof T. (2008). “Touching and Gesture Exchange as an Element of Emotional Bond Construction. Application of Visual Sociology in the Research on Interaction between Humans and Animals.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research 9(3).

Krause, Jens, Paweł Romanczuk, Emiel Cracco, William Alridge, Anne Nassauer & Marcel Brass (2021). “Collective rule-breaking.Trends in Cognitive Neuroscience 25(12): 1082-1095.

Kronenberger, Julia & Elmar Souvignier (2005). “Fragen und Erklärungen beim kooperativen Lernen in Grundschulklassen.” Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie 37(2): 91-100.

Lee, Chwee Being, Jose Hanham, Kamille Kannangara & Jing Qi (2021). “Exploring user experience of digital pen and tablet technology for learning chemistry: applying an activity theory lens.Heliyon 7(1): e06020.

Lee, Kwangwon & Hannah H. Schertz (2020). “Brief Report: Analysis of the Relationship Between Turn Taking and Joint Attention for Toddlers with Autism.” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 50(7):2633-2640.

Levine, Mark, Paul J. Taylor, and Rachel Best (2011). “Third Parties, Violence, and Conflict Resolution: The Role of Group Size and Collective Action in the Microregulation of Violence.” Psychological Science 22(3):406-12.

Liebst, Lasse Suonperä, Marie Bruvik Heinskou & Peter Ejbye-Ernst (2018). “On the Actual Risk of Bystander Intervention – A Statistical Study Based on Naturally Occurring Violent Emergencies.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 27-50. 

Liebst, Lasse, Richard Philpot, Wim Bernasco, Kasper Dausel, Peter Ejbye‐Ernst, Mathias Nicolaisen & Marie Lindegaard (2019). “Social Relations and Presence of Others Predict Bystander Intervention: Evidence from Violent Incidents Captured on CCTV.” Aggressive Behavior 45(6):598–609.

Lindley, Siân E. & Andrew F. Monk (2013). “Measuring social behaviour as an indicator of experience.Behavior & Information Technology 32(10): 968-985.

Madueke, Kingsley L. (2021). “Towards a Sequence of Ethnic Riots: Stages, Processes and Interactions in the Production of Communal Violence in Jos, Nigeria.Civil Wars (online first).

Makin, David A., Wendy Koslicki, Rachael Brooks, Bryce J. Dietrich & Rachel Bailey (2019). “Contextual Determinants of Observed Negative Emotional States in Police-Community Interactions.Criminal Justice and Behavior 46(2):301-318

McCluskey, John, Craig D. Uchida, Shellie E. Solomon, Alese Wooditch, Christine Connor, & Lauren Revier (2019). “Assessing the effects of body-worn cameras on procedural justice in the Los Angeles Police Department.Criminology 57(2): 208-236.

Mik-Meyer, Nanna & Mark Haugaard (2020). “The performance of citizen’s and organisational authority.Journal of Classical Sociology 20(4): 309-334.

Moeller, Kim (2018). “Video-recorded Retail Cannabis Trades in a Low-risk Marketplace Trade Value and Temporal Patterns.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 55(1): 103-124.

Mosselman, Floris, Don Weenink, and Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2018). “Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies: A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage.”Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 3–26.

Nassauer, Anne (2019). Situational Breakdowns – Understanding Protest Violence and Other Surprising Outcomes. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.

Nassauer, Anne (2018). “Situational Dynamics and the Emergence of Violence During Protests.” Psychology of Violence 8(3).

Nassauer, Anne (2018). “How Robberies Succeed or Fail: Analyzing Crime Caught on CCTV.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 125-154.

Nassauer, Anne (2016). “From Peaceful Marches to Violent Clashes: A Micro-Situational Analysis.” Social Movement Studies (online first).

Nassauer, Anne (2021). ““Whose streets? Our streets!”: Negotiations of Space and Violence in Protests.Social Problems 68(4): 852–869.

Nassauer, Anne (2022). “Situation, context, and causality—On a core debate of violence research.” Violence: An International Journal (online first).

Pallotti, Francesca, Sharon Marie Weldon & Alessandro Lomi (2020). “Lost in translation: Collecting and coding data on social relations from audio-visual recordings.Social Networks (online first).

Pehkonen, Samu (2020). “Response Cries Inviting an Alignment: Finnish huh huh.Research on Language and Social Interaction 53(1).

Philpot, Richard, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Mark Levine, Wim Bernasco & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2019). “Would I Be Helped? Cross-National CCTV Footage Shows That Intervention Is the Norm in Public Conflicts.American Psychologist 75(1).

Philpot, Richard & Mark Levine (2021). “Evacuation Behavior in a Subway Train Emergency: A Video-based AnalysisEnvironment & Behavior, online first.

Piza, Eric L. & Victoria A. Sytsma (2016). “Exploring the Defensive Actions of Drug Sellers in Open-air Markets: A Systematic Social Observation.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 53(1): 36-65.

Roman-Juan, Josep, Aina Fiol-Veny, Neus Zuzama, Margalida Caimari-Ferragut, Xavier Bornas & Maria Balle (2020). “Adolescents at risk of anxiety in interaction with their fathers: Studying non-verbal and physiological synchrony.” Developmental Psychobiology 62(8): 1062-1075.

Sauer, Philip E., Joan Fopma-Loy, Jennifer M Kinney & Elizabeth Lokon (2016). ‘‘It makes me feel like myself”: Person-centered versus traditional visual arts activities for people with dementia.Dementia 15(5):895-912.

Silseth, Kenneth (2018). “Students’ everyday knowledge and experiences as resources in educational dialogues.” Instructional Science 46(2): 291-313.

Sobocinski, Márta, Jonna Malmberg & Sanna Järvelä (2017). “Exploring temporal sequences of regulatory phases and associated interactions in low- and high-challenge collaborative learning sessions.” Metacognition and Learning 12(2): 275-294.

Stickle, Ben, Melody Hicks, Amy Stickle & Zachary Hutchinson (2019). “Porch pirates: examining unattended package theft through crime script analysis.A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society (online first).

Sytsma, Victoria A.  &  Eric L. Piza (2018). “Script Analysis of Open-air Drug Selling: A Systematic Social Observation of CCTV Footage.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 55(1): 78-102.

Sytsma, Victoria A., Vijay F. Chillar & Eric L. Piza (2021). “Scripting police escalation of use of force through conjunctive analysis of body-worn camera footage: A systematic social observational pilot study.” Journal of Criminal Justice 74.

Sytsma, Victoria A., Eric L. Piza & Vijay F. Chillar (2021). “Measuring Procedural Justice Policy Adherence During Use of Force Events: The Body-Worn Camera as a Performance Monitoring Tool.Criminal Justice Policy Review 32(9).

Sytsma, Victoria A., Nathan Connealy, & Eric L. Piza (2021). “Environmental Predictors of a Drug Offender Crime Script: A Systematic Social Observation of Google Street View Images and CCTV Footage.” Crime & Delinquency 67(1): 27-57.

Tang, Fei & Raees Calafato (2022). “Transnational Multilingual Families in China: Multilingualism as Commodity, Conflict, and In-Betweenness.” SAGE Open.

Timmermans, Stefan & Iddo Tavory (2020). “Racist Encounters: A Pragmatist Semiotic Analysis of Interaction.” Sociological Theory 38(4).

Ulrich, Gerald & K. Harms (1979). “Video‐analytic study of manual kinesics and its lateralization in the course of treatment of depressive syndromes.Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 59(5): 481-492.

Ulrich, Gerald & K. Harms (1985). “A video analysis of the non-verbal behaviour of depressed patients before and after treatment.Journal of Affective Disorders 9(1): 63-67.

Weenink, Don, Raheel Dhattiwala & David van der Duin (2021). “Circles of Peace. A Video Analysis of Situational Group Formation and Collective Third-Party Intervention in Violent Incidents.The British Journal of Criminology (online first).

Wegge, Jürgen, Joachim Vogt & Christiane Wecking (2010). “Customer-induced stress in call centre work: A comparison of audio- and videoconference.” Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 80(4): 693-712.

Willits, Dale W. & David A. Makin (2018). “Show Me What Happened: Analyzing Use of Force through Analysis of Body-Worn Camera Footage“. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 55(1): 51-77.

Woloshyn, Vera & Michael J. Savage (2020). “Features of YouTube videos produced by individuals who self-identify with borderline personality disorder.” Digital Health 6.

Computational image and video analysis in the social sciences

Bernasco, Wim, Evelien Hoeben, Dennis Koelma, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, JosephineThomas, Joska Appelman, Cees G. M. Snoek & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2021). “Promise Into Practice: Application of Computer Vision in Empirical Research on Social Distancing.OSF Preprints. doi: 10.31219/osf.io/ex9fy

Dewan, M. Ali Akbar, Mahbub Murshed & Lin Fuhua (2019). “Engagement detection in online learning: a reviewSmart Learning Environments 6(1).

Dietrich, Bryce J. (2015). “If a Picture is Worth a Thousand Words, What is a Video Worth?” In Exploring the C-SPAN Archives: advancing the research agenda, edited by Robert X. Browning. The Year in C-SPAN Archives Research 2, Article 1.

Dietrich, Bryce J. (2021). “Using Motion Detection to Measure Social Polarization in the U.S. House of Representatives.Political Analysis 29(2):250-259.

Dietrich, Bryce J., Ryan D. Enos & Maya Sen (2019). “Emotional Arousal Predicts Voting on the U.S. Supreme Court.Political Analysis 27(2):237-243.

Dietrich, Bryce J. & Melissa Sands. “Seeing Racial Avoidance on City Streets.” Unpublished Manuscript.

Dietrich, Bryce J., Ryan D. Enos & Maya Sen. Gender Dynamics in Elite Political Contexts: Evidence from Supreme Court Oral Arguments. Unpublished Manuscript.

Doyran, Metehan, Batikan Türkmen, Eda Aydin Oktay, Sibel Halfon & Albert Ali Salah (2019). “Video and Text-Based Affect Analysis of Children in Play Therapy.” Paper presented at the 2019 International Conference on Multimodal Interaction.

van Haperen, Sander, Justus Uitermark, & Alex van der Zeeuw (2020). “Mediated Iinteraction Rituals: A Geography of Everyday Life and Contention in Black Lives Matter.” Mobilization: An International Quarterly 25(3): 295-313.

Naik, Nikhil, Scott Duke Kominers, Edward L. Glaser & César A. Hidalgo (2017). “Computer vision uncovers predictors of physical urban change.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114(29).

Seiferling, Ian, Nikhil Naik, Carlo Ratti & Raphäel Proulx (2017). “Green streets − Quantifying and mapping urban trees with street-level imagery and computer vision.Landscape and Urban Planning 165.

Torres, Michelle & Francisco Cantú (2021). “Learning to See: Convolutional Neural Networks for the Analysis of Social Science DataPolitical Analysis.

Xi, Nan, Di Ma, Marcus Liou, Zachary C. Steinert-Threlkeld, Jason Anastasopoulos, & Jungseock Joo (2020). “Understanding the Political Ideology of Legislators from Social Media Images.” Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media 14.

Zhang, Han & Jennifer Pan (2019). “CASM: A Deep-Learning Approach for Identifying Collective Action Events with Text and Image Data from Social MediaSociological Methodology 49(1).

Zhang, Han & Yilang Peng (2021). “Image Clustering: An Unsupervised Approach to Categorize Visual Data in Social Science Research“. SocArXiv Papers.

Zinkernagel, Axel, Rainer W. Alexandrowicz, Tanja Lischetzke & Manfred Schmitt (2018). “The blenderFace method: video-based measurement of raw movement data during facial expressions of emotion using open-source software.Behavior Research Methods 51: 747-768.

Other methodological approaches for analyzing video data

Conti, Uliano (2016). “Visual Methodologies and Latino Cultural Studies: Implications for the Sociology of Education.” In: Peters M. (Ed) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. Springer.

Heath, Christian, Jon Hindmarsh & Paul Luff (2010). “Video in qualitative research: analysing social interaction in everyday life.” Los Angeles: Sage Publications Ltd.

Kissmann, Ulrike Tikvah (ed.) (2009). “Video Interaction Analysis: Methods and Methodology.” Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang.

LeBaron, Curtis, Paula Jarzabkowski, Michael G. Pratt & Greg Fetzer (2018). “An Introduction to Video Methods in Organizational Research.” Organizational Research Methods 21(2):239–60.

Margolis, Eric & Luc Pauwels (eds.) (2011). “The SAGE Handbook of Visual Research Methods.” Los Angeles: Sage.

Norris, Sigrid (2004). “Analyzing Multimodal Interaction: A Methodological Framework.” New York/London: Routledge.

Pauwels, Luc (2015). “Reframing Visual Social Science: Towards a More Visual Sociology and Anthropology.Cambridge University Press.

Pink, Sarah (2021). “Doing Visual Ethnography“. 4th edition. SAGE publishing.

Pink, Sarah, Heather Horst, John Postill, Larissa Hjorth, Tania Lewis & Jo Tacchi (2015). “Digital Ethnography: Principles and Practice.” SAGE publishing.

Tuma, René, Bernt Schnettler & Hubert Knoblauch (2013). “Videographie: Einführung in die interpretative Videoanalyse sozialer Situationen.Springer VS.

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