The lists below are non-exhaustive. Please contact us if you have conducted VDA-type research and would like to share a link to your paper through this website.

Methodology & Guidelines

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2018). “Video Data Analysis: A Methodological Frame for a Novel Research Trend.” Sociological Methods and Research.

Legewie, Nicolas M. & Anne Nassauer (2018). “YouTube, Google, Facebook: 21st Century Online Video Research and Research Ethics?“. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research. DOI:

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (2019). “Analyzing 21st Century Video Data on Situational Dynamics—Issues and Challenges in Video Data Analysis.” Social Sciences. DOI:

Legewie, Nicolas M. & Anne Nassauer (forthcoming). “Livestreams as Video Data? The 2019 Christchurch Attack Livestream as a Case Study in Research Ethics.” In Legal and Ethical Issues of Live Streaming, edited by Sarina Chen. Lexington.

Nassauer, Anne & Nicolas M. Legewie (forthcoming). „Methodologische Entwicklungen in der Gewaltforschung: Videodatenanalyse, Mixed Methods und Big Data“. In Braun, Andreas and Thomas Kron: “Bestandsaufnahme soziologischer Gewaltforschung,” Special Issue, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie.

Empirical research using VDA or related approaches

Barker, Kristin Kay (2019). “Lay Pharmacovigilance and the Dramatization of Risk: Fluoroquinolone Harm on YouTube.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 60(4), 509-524.

Bramsen, Isabel (2018). “How Violence Happens (or not): Situational Conditions of Violence and Nonviolence in Bahrain, Tunisia and Syria, Psychology of Violence.” Psychology of Violence 8(3), 305-315.

Collins, Randall (2008). “Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory.” Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Collins, Randall (2009). “The Micro-sociology of Violence.” The British Journal of Sociology 60(3):566-76.

Fele, Giolo (2008). “The Collaborative Production of Responses and Dispatching on the Radio: Video Analysis in a Medical Emergency Call Center.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research 9(3).

Golann, Joanne W., Zitsi Mirakhur & Thomas J. Espenshade (2019). “Collecting Ethnographic Video Data for Policy Research” American Behavioral Scientist 63(3), 387-403.

Johnson, Kaprea F., Allison Worth & Dana Brookover (2019). “Families Facing the Opioid Crisis: Content and Frame Analysis of YouTube Videos.” The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families (online first).

Klusemann, Stefan (2009). “Atrocities and Confrontational Tension.” Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 3(42):1-10.

Konecki, Krzysztof T. (2008). “Touching and Gesture Exchange as an Element of Emotional Bond Construction. Application of Visual Sociology in the Research on Interaction between Humans and Animals.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research 9(3).

Levine, Mark, Paul J. Taylor, and Rachel Best (2011). “Third Parties, Violence, and Conflict Resolution: The Role of Group Size and Collective Action in the Microregulation of Violence.” Psychological Science 22(3):406-12.

Liebst, Lasse Suonperä, Marie Bruvik Heinskou & Peter Ejbye-Ernst (2018). “On the Actual Risk of Bystander Intervention – A Statistical Study Based on Naturally Occurring Violent Emergencies.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 27-50. 

Liebst, Lasse, Richard Philpot, Wim Bernasco, Kasper Dausel, Peter Ejbye‐Ernst, Mathias Nicolaisen & Marie Lindegaard (2019). “Social Relations and Presence of Others Predict Bystander Intervention: Evidence from Violent Incidents Captured on CCTV.” Aggressive Behavior 45(6):598–609.

Moeller, Kim (2018). “Video-recorded Retail Cannabis Trades in a Low-risk Marketplace Trade Value and Temporal Patterns.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 103-124.

Mosselman, Floris, Don Weenink, and Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2018). “Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies: A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage”Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 3–26.

Nassauer, Anne (2019). Situational Breakdowns – Understanding Protest Violence and Other Surprising Outcomes. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Nassauer, Anne (2018). “Situational Dynamics and the Emergence of Violence During Protests.” Psychology of Violence.

Nassauer, Anne (2018). “How Robberies Succeed or Fail: Analyzing Crime Caught on CCTV.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 125-154.

Nassauer, Anne (2016). “From Peaceful Marches to Violent Clashes: A Micro-Situational Analysis.” Social Movement Studies. 1-16.

Philpot, Richard, Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Mark Levine, Wim Bernasco & Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard (2019). “Would I Be Helped? Cross-National CCTV Footage Shows That Intervention Is the Norm in Public Conflicts.American Psychologist.

Sytsma, Victoria A.  &  Eric L. Piza (2018). “Script Analysis of Open-air Drug Selling A Systematic Social Observation of CCTV Footage”. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 55(1): 78-102.

Stickle, Ben, Melody Hicks, Amy Stickle & Zachary Hutchinson (2019). “Porch pirates: examining unattended package theft through crime script analysis.A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society (online first).

Willits, Dale W. & David A. Makin (2018). “Show Me What Happened: Analyzing Use of Force through Analysis of Body-Worn Camera Footage“. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 55(1): 51-77.

Other methodological approaches for analyzing video data

Conti, Uliano (2016). “Visual Methodologies and Latino Cultural Studies: Implications for the Sociology of Education.” In: Peters M.(Ed) Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory. Springer.

Derry, Sharon J. et al. (2010). “Conducting Video Research in the Learning Sciences: Guidance on Selection, Analysis, Technology, and Ethics.” Journal of the Learning Sciences 19(1):3–53.

Kissmann, Ulrike Tikvah (ed.) (2009). “Video Interaction Analysis: Methods and Methodology.” Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang.

LeBaron, Curtis, Paula Jarzabkowski, Michael G. Pratt, and Greg Fetzer (2018). “An Introduction to Video Methods in Organizational Research.” Organizational Research Methods 21(2):239–60.

Lindegaard, Marie Rosenkranz & Wim Bernasco (2018). “Lessons Learned from Crime Caught on Camera.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 55(1): 155-186.

Margolis, Eric and Luc Pauwels (eds.) (2011). “The SAGE Handbook of Visual Research Methods.” Los Angeles: Sage Publications Ltd.

Norris, Sigrid (2004). “Analyzing Multimodal Interaction: A Methodological Framework.” New York/London: Routledge.

Pauwels, Luc (2015). “Reframing Visual Social Science: Towards a More Visual Sociology and Anthropology.” Cambridge University Press.

Tuma, René, Bernt Schnettler & Hubert Knoblauch (2013). “Videographie: Einführung in die interpretative Videoanalyse sozialer Situationen.” Springer VS.

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